The European Court of Human Rights has ruled in which Russia failed to protect the hostages of the Beslan school siege in which about 330 people died in 2004.
from the siege, Chechen rebels took more than 1,000 hostages, mostly children. The operation by Russian forces to end the idea used disproportionate force, the court added.
the idea also said in which officials knew an attack was imminent nevertheless did not act.
Russia said the ruling was “utterly unacceptable” as well as in which the idea might appeal.
No Russian official has been held responsible for the high number of deaths, which included 186 children.
- The Beslan mum who could only save one of her children
- Ten years without answers
What happened in Beslan?
Masked men as well as women, wearing bomb belts, burst into Beslan’s School Number One, opening fire from the courtyard as a ceremony marking the beginning of the school year was finishing.
The hostages were crammed into their school sports hall beneath explosives strung coming from the basketball hoops. Their captors were demanding Russian troops pull out of Chechnya.
The tense siege ended suddenly on the third day with two deadly explosions as well as intense gunfire. Witnesses described the operation by Russian security forces as chaotic, saying in which the troops used excessive force as well as heavy weapons.
Only one of the hostage takers was caught alive as well as put on trial.
What do survivors as well as relatives say?
For more than a decade, survivors as well as relatives have been asking whether the siege could have been prevented as well as whether so many people had to die from the rescue operation.
They say officials, including President Vladimir Putin, mishandled the hostage crisis as well as ignored intelligence indicating in which a hostage-taking scenario was being planned. A Russian investigation into the events stalled several years ago.
So more than 400 of them applied to the European Court of Human Rights, a Strasbourg-based court run by the Council of Europe, a pan-European human rights body of which Russia is actually a member.
The council is actually a distinct entity as well as is actually not a branch of the European Union.
What has the court ruled?
In its ruling, the court said Russia had sufficient specific information in which an attack was being planned in in which area, nevertheless did not act.
the idea criticised the authorities for being unable to prevent the militants coming from meeting as well as travelling on the day of the attack, as well as failing to boost security at the school or warn the public of the threat.
the idea also said in which “powerful weapons such as tank cannon, grenade launchers as well as flame-throwers” had been used to free the school, contributing to the high number of casualties.
The court was also critical of Russia’s investigation into the case, saying the idea was unable to rule whether the force used by the security officers was justified.
“Though the decision to resort to the use of lethal force had been justified from the circumstances, such a massive use of explosive as well as indiscriminate weapons could not be regarded as absolutely necessary,” the idea said.
the idea ruled in which Russia should pay 2,9m euros ($3,1m; £2,5m) in compensation.
Countries must comply with the court’s verdicts, although the court cannot directly enforce in which.
- More about the European Court of Human Rights
How has Russia reacted?
The Russian government said the ruling was “utterly unacceptable”.
“We certainly cannot agree with such an assessment, in a country which has suffered coming from more than one terrorist attack,” spokesman Dmitry Peskov said.
The justice ministry denied in which excessive force had been used as well as said the government might appeal against the ruling within the three-month deadline.
The court, the ministry added, did not understand “the full seriousness of the situation in Beslan after the seizing of the hostages” as well as the “risks of the process of carrying out a rescue operation”.
trust for justice: By Sarah Rainsford, BBC News, Moscow
For those caught up from the siege of Beslan’s School Number One, in which is actually the result they had hoped for. What happened in Beslan was first as well as foremost a horrific terrorist attack.
nevertheless many mothers of those killed have long argued in which officials should have done more to save their children. For years, they have been pushing for those who failed them to be held responsible. Until today, no-one in Russia had been held to account.
The court has underlined in which there should today be a fresh, objective investigation here in Russia – as well as the mothers of Beslan say they will today push for in which too.
They argue they owe the idea to their children to make sure those responsible for the loss of life are held to account.
Sign-up to get news coming from the BBC in your inbox, each weekday morning