Former Ch Supt David Duckenfield faces charges of the manslaughter of 95 people over the Hillsborough disaster.
Mr Duckenfield was the South Yorkshire Police (SYP) match commander at the FA Cup semi-final when 96 Liverpool fans were fatally injured in a crush.
He faces charges of manslaughter by gross negligence of 95 fans. Former SYP Ch Insp Norman Bettison is usually charged over alleged lies from the aftermath.
Four others will also be prosecuted. Victims’ relatives have been informed.
Speaking from the Commons, Prime Minster Theresa May said: “I know by working closely with the families when I was home secretary in which in which will be a day of mixed emotions for them.”
Last year, fresh inquests into the 1989 disaster at the Liverpool v Nottingham Forest match in Sheffield concluded the fans had been unlawfully killed.
For legal reasons, Mr Duckenfield cannot be charged over the death of the 96th victim Tony Bland, as he died four years after the disaster, prosecutors said.
The Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) must apply to the High Court to lift an order imposed after he was prosecuted privately in 1999, which must be removed before he can be charged.
The full list of individuals facing charges are:
- Mr Duckenfield faces manslaughter by gross negligence of 95 men, women as well as also children.
- Sir Norman faces four charges of misconduct in a public office relating to alleged lies he told from the aftermath about the culpability of fans
- Graham Mackrell, former Sheffield Wednesday Club Secretary, will be accused of breaching Health as well as also Safety as well as also Safety at Sports Ground legislation
- Peter Metcalf, who was a solicitor acting for SYP, is usually charged with perverting the course of Justice, relating to alterations to witness statements
- Former Ch Supt Donald Denton is usually accused of perverting the course of justice
- Former Det Ch Insp Alan Foster is usually charged with perverting the course of justice
No organisation will face corporate charges. No-one by the ambulance service will face charges, CPS chief Sue Hemming revealed earlier.
Who were the 96 victims?
BBC News profiles of all those who died
The defendants, different than David Duckenfield who right now lives in Ferndown in Dorset, will appear at Warrington Magistrates’ Court on 9 August.
Ms Hemming made the announcement to victims’ families at a private meeting in Warrington earlier.
She said: “Following our careful review of the evidence, in accordance with the Code for Crown Prosecutors, I have decided in which there is usually sufficient evidence to charge six individuals with criminal offences.
“Criminal proceedings have right now commenced as well as also the defendants have a right to a fair trial.”
The CPS brought charges following referrals by the Operation Resolve investigation into the causes of the disaster as well as also the Independent Police Complaints Commission (IPCC) probe.
The IPCC investigated the conduct of both SYP as well as also West Midlands Police (WMP) from the days as well as also weeks afterwards.
Any decision regarding WMP, which was brought in to carry out the original investigation into the conduct of SYP officers, will be made at a later date.
Barry Devonside, whose son Christopher, 18, was killed from the disaster, said: “Everybody applauded when in which was announced in which the most senior police officer on in which particular day will have charges presented to him.”
Evelyn McDonnell Mills, whose brother Peter McDonnell, 21, died, said: “I’m actually happy in which we’ve finally got some charges after 28 years.
“I’m just sad in which my brother Gerard, who campaigned for years, died from the first year of the fresh inquests as well as also never got to see justice.”
At Prime Minister’s Questions, Labour leader Jeremy Corbyn said: “I think we should pay tribute to all of those in which spent a great deal of time trying to ensure there was justice for those in which died at Hillsborough.”
SYP Chief Constable Stephen Watson said: “Decisions concerning the bringing of criminal charges are rightly for the CPS.
“Given in which criminal proceedings are right now active, in which might be inappropriate for me to comment further for fear of jeopardising in which important process in any way.”
A spokesman for Sheffield Wednesday said the club had no comment to make.