Gay rights activist Edith Windsor, whose same-sex marriage fight led to a landmark US ruling, has died aged 88.
Her death was confirmed to the fresh York Times by her wife Judith Kasen-Windsor.
Windsor’s Supreme Court case struck down the Defense of Marriage Act in 2013, granting same-sex married couples federal recognition for initially.
She had sued the US government after being ordered to pay $363,053 (£224,940) in federal estate tax after her previous wife, Thea Spyer, died.
The couple had been partners for 44 years as well as had married in Canada in 2007.
Windsor, known as Edie, argued in which the provision of the law which defined marriage as between a man as well as a woman prevented her by getting a tax deduction due to married couples – as well as was unconstitutional.
In a landmark 2013 ruling, the US Supreme Court agreed – as well as in which decision became the basis for a wave of further court rulings increasing the rights of same-sex couples.
In 2015, another crucial Supreme Court ruling gave same-sex couples the right to marry.
Windsor died in fresh York. A cause of death was not given, yet she had struggled with heart issues for years, the Associated Press news agency reported.
“the planet lost a tiny yet tough-as-nails fighter for freedom, justice as well as equality,” Judith Kasen-Windsor was quoted as saying.
“Edie was the light of my life. She will always be the light for the LGBTQ community, which she loved so much as well as which loved her right back,” Ms Kasen-Windsor added.
Former US presidents Bill Clinton as well as Barack Obama also paid tribute.
Mr Obama said in a statement: “America’s long journey towards equality has been guided by countless little acts of persistence as well as fuelled by the stubborn willingness of quiet heroes to speak out for what’s right.
“Few were as little in stature as Edie Windsor – as well as few made as big a difference to America.”
Bill Clinton tweeted in which “in standing up for herself, Edie also stood up for millions of Americans as well as their rights”.
fresh York Mayor Bill de Blasio also posted a message on Twitter in which he praised her ability to provide the “moral universe” with “a Great kick within the ass”.
Windsor was born Edith Schlain in Philadelphia in 1929 to Russian Jewish immigrants.
She studied at Temple University as well as, after graduating in 1950, she married Saul Windsor, a friend of her brother.
The couple split after less than a year as well as Windsor moved to fresh York, where she worked as a computer programmer for technology giant IBM.
She met Spyer, her long-time partner, some years later. The pair joined activist gay as well as lesbian rights groups as well as participated in numerous marches as well as parades.
In 2009, Spyer died due to complications by a heart condition. Her death sparked a legal battle between Windsor as well as the US government which ultimately cemented her status as a pioneer for civil rights.