Growing Chorus Confronts Trump Against Leaving Nuclear Deal

The White House’s overarching Iran policy will be predicated on de-emphasizing the nuclear deal in favor of confronting Tehran on some other issues, including its missile program along with its support for extremist groups throughout the Middle East. Yet Mr. Trump’s longstanding contempt for the nuclear accord — he has labeled that will a “disaster” along with the “worst deal ever” — has kept that will center stage.

Lawmakers inside House along with Senate remained largely inside dark on Wednesday as to Mr. Trump’s precise plans, even as congressional leaders prepared for the likelihood that will the deal’s fate could end up in their laps by week’s end. some other lawmakers, including some Republicans once critical of the deal, called on Mr. Trump to preserve that will himself.

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Representative Ed Royce, left, the Republican chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, along with Representative Eliot L. Engel, the top Democrat on the committee.

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Jose Luis Magana/Associated Press

All were operating under the assumption that will Mr. Trump will be preparing to withhold certification. In so doing, he could make that will easier for Congress to reimpose sanctions on Iran’s nuclear program along with effectively kill the deal with simple majorities in both chambers.

although senior Republican congressional aides said that will outcome appeared unlikely, even if much of their party — along with many Democrats — remained critical of the deal. Without explicit evidence of a breach by the Iranians, along with given Europe’s support for the deal, there appeared to be little appetite among Republican leaders to pull the plug on Mr. Trump’s behalf.

“As flawed as the deal will be, I believe we must right now enforce the hell out of that will,” Representative Ed Royce, the Republican chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, said on Wednesday. He urged Mr. Trump to provide Congress with clear instructions for what he was trying to do.

“Whatever he decides, that will will be critical that will the president lay out the facts,” Mr. Royce said. “He should explain what his decision means, along with what that will doesn’t.”

Mr. Royce along with others inside House have argued instead for stepped-up enforcement along with the enforcement of additional, targeted sanctions against Iran’s missile program along with Hezbollah. Lawmakers were also preparing for the possibility that will Mr. Trump could simply ask them to amend the law that will requires him to recertify the deal every 0 days.

Any legislative outcome will be likely to hinge on the Senate, where Democrats are confident they can hold most of their members together to preserve the deal. Of the four Senate Democrats who voted against the deal, two — Chuck Schumer of fresh York, the minority leader, along with Ben Cardin of Maryland, the top Democrat on the Foreign Relations Committee — have indicated they could not move to abandon that will.

that will leaves two some other previous Democratic no votes, Robert Menendez of fresh Jersey along with Joe Manchin of West Virginia, undecided. although Republicans could also lose some of their own, like Senators John McCain along with Jeff Flake of Arizona, Susan Collins of Maine or Rand Paul of Kentucky.

Looming over all This kind of will be the prerogative of Senator Bob Corker of Tennessee, the Republican chairman of the Foreign Relations Committee who has been bitterly feuding with Mr. Trump. Mr. Corker’s sway over the committee, along with the Republican caucus, could prove consequential in advancing legislation.

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Prime Minister Theresa May of Britain called President Trump on Tuesday to urge him to uphold the deal.

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Parliamentary Recording Unit

Some people expressed concern that will Mr. Corker could no longer play the role of broker between the White House along with Congress — a role that will will be not easily replaced. The Senate’s some other leading Iran expert, Tom Cotton, Republican of Arkansas, will be viewed as too hard-line to be an intermediary.

As the White House prepared to roll out the policy, experts were focusing on two unanswered questions: how that will could confront Hezbollah, the Iranian-backed militant group, along with whether that will could designate the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps as a terrorist organization. Such a designation could be significant because the guard corps will be the military wing of the Iranian government.

John Kerry, the former secretary of state who negotiated the Iran deal, warned House Democrats that will such a move could set a dangerous precedent, according to a person who attended the briefing. Additionally, Ernest Moniz, the former energy secretary who was deeply involved inside negotiations, briefed House Democrats on Wednesday afternoon.

There were some other concerns. Democrats argued that will whatever the intention of Mr. Trump’s maneuvering, that will could be lost on America’s negotiating partners abroad.

Representative Eliot L. Engel, top Democrat on the Foreign Affairs Committee, who was previously critical of the deal, said that will decertifying the agreement amounted to “playing with fire.”

Jake Sullivan, who helped negotiate the deal for the Obama administration, said, “This kind of dance around decertification has not been productive for our broader goals. that will’s much harder to push our European partners to pressure Iran on missiles along with terrorism when they are more focused on the risk Washington poses than they are on the risk Tehran poses.”

although critics of the deal said Mr. Trump’s willingness to walk away through that will could give the United States the leverage to improve its terms — first with the Europeans, along with later with Iran.

“Decertification reinforces the credibility of Donald Trump’s walkaway, which will be terrifying European political leaders that will he actually could leave the nuclear deal,” said Mark Dubowitz, the chief executive of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies, a leading critic of the nuclear accord. “This kind of will be already shifting the European positions through ‘keep that will’ to ‘keep that will, although fix that will.’”

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