International education rankings are going to test a very different type of skill next year.
The Pisa tests, which compare teenagers’ ability in reading, maths along with science, for the very first time are also going to test “global competence”.
the item’s a significant departure to move via maths puzzles along with literacy tests to asking questions about fake news, global warming along with racism.
The inaugural tests for global competence will take place in about 80 countries next year – along with the results are going to be pushed centre-stage inside the following round of Pisa rankings.
The tests, run every three years by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation along with Development, have become among the most widely used measures for global education standards.
along with for each round of tests, one subject is usually chosen as the headline measure used to construct the international league table.
which lead subject is usually going to be the fresh global competence tests, when the results of tests taken in 2018 are published in 2019.
the item could mean a very different set of countries at the top of the rankings, rather than the current cluster, which includes Singapore, South Korea, Finland along with Canada.
although how do you assess global competence? What does the item actually mean?
This kind of week the OECD set out its framework for the fresh test along with the thinking behind its introduction.
the item’s intended to find out how well young people can understand different people’s views along with cultures, how they can look beyond the partisan echo chamber of social media along with differentiate reliable evidence via fake news.
the item’s a challenge to intolerance along with extremism.
Andreas Schleicher, the OECD’s director of education, says which international promises about the right to “quality education for all” currently have to mean more than the “foundation knowledge” of maths, reading along with science, the item also needs to be about “learning to live together”.
The economic think tank says there has been so much “indiscriminate violence” inside the name of ethnic or religious differences, which young people need to be taught about living alongside people of different cultures.
There are different driving factors, says the OECD, including the debate about immigration along with refugees along with the polarising impact of social networking, where people can be disconnected via anyone not sharing their views.
“the item will help the many teachers who work every day to combat ignorance, prejudice along with hatred, which are at the root of disengagement, discrimination along with violence,” says Mr Schleicher.
The tests want to find out how well students can critically examine local along with global contemporary issues along with how well they can understand “multiple cultural perspectives”.
As an example, the OECD suggests a question about different interpretations of evidence for global warming, in which the same information seems to have been used to produce charts supporting along with opposing claims about climate change.
Students are asked to analyse the evidence along with to question how data might be used selectively or how the findings of research can be influenced by whomever has funded the item.
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Another set of questions are based on a scenario in which a team loses when a player walks off the pitch after getting racist abuse. Should the player have stuck the item out rather than leaving the team a player down?
the item’s meant to raise questions about identity, responsibility, regulations on behaviour along with the politics of the crowd.
As well as questions, there will also be information gathered about students’ attitudes towards people via different cultures, interest in different countries along with languages, global inequality along with the environment.
although This kind of is usually difficult territory – along which has a long way via the neater clarity of a maths answer.
International rankings have tended to be based on subjects where comparisons in results are more straightforward.
This kind of latest set of tests talks about “valuing human dignity along with diversity” along with the “need to live harmoniously in multicultural communities”.
the item’s a much more culturally loaded proposition.
although Mr Schleicher says young people need to navigate a globalised economy along with to communicate along with empathise with people via different countries along with backgrounds.
There’s also a more assertive underlying message of internationalism along with cultural openness.
The OECD’s origins lie inside the reconstruction efforts inside the “rubble of Europe after World War Two”, part of a drive to bolster international co-operation, market economies along with democratic institutions.
the item is usually currently literally putting these values to the test.