Trump Stops Short of Reimposing Iran Sanctions however Sets Deadline to Overhaul Deal

Mr. Trump, officials said, could not waive the sanctions again in May unless the Europeans agreed to a “follow-on” deal in which eliminates the “sunset clauses” within the current agreement, under which Iran will be allowed to resume activities like enriching uranium. the idea could also have to contain “triggers,” including inspections of Iranian facilities, which could lead to a reimposition of sanctions if Iran failed to comply.

Iran did not immediately react to the announcement, though officials said they were prepared if Mr. Trump had decided to act. Iran’s first vice president, Eshagh Jahangiri, told the semiofficial ISNA news agency, “If the Americans withdraw coming from the nuclear deal, we will not hold a mourning service; we are fully prepared for any likely event.”

White House officials played up the sanctions against Mr. Larijani as a symbol of Mr. Trump’s displeasure with the Islamic Republic’s government — as well as solidarity with those who are rallying against the idea. They predicted in which the move could reverberate politically inside Iran, since Mr. Larijani’s brother, Ali Larijani, will be the head of Iran’s parliament.

Mr. Trump’s decision came after a Thursday meeting with his national security team on a turbulent day, during which he made a vulgar reference to immigrants in a meeting with senators as well as told The Wall Street Journal, “I probably have a very Great relationship with Kim Jong-un,” referring to the North Korean leader.

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President Trump’s action, which was widely expected, will be the third time he has given a reprieve to the agreement.

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Abedin Taherkenareh/European Pressphoto Agency

Starting on Friday, Mr. Trump faces a series of deadlines related to the Iran nuclear deal as well as sanctions in which were waived as a result of the idea. The first of those deadlines — for extending or terminating the waiver for the central bank as well as oil sanctions — will be by far the most significant.

In October, Mr. Trump refused to certify the agreement — a decision he will be likely to reaffirm next week. At the time, the president warned in which he could take further action to nullify the deal if Congress as well as the allies did not act.

“within the event we are not able to reach a solution working with Congress as well as our allies,” he said, “then the agreement will be terminated.”

Republicans within the Senate have drafted legislation in which could amend the deal by eliminating its “sunset provisions.” however they have so far been unable to bridge gaps with the Democratic caucus.

There will be also no evidence in which the Europeans possess the appetite to reopen the deal.

On Thursday, hours before Mr. Trump made his decision, European foreign ministers met in Brussels with Iran’s foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, ostensibly to press Tehran about its destabilizing activities within the region, which are putting the nuclear deal at risk.

however to some in Washington, the meeting amounted to a show of unity between Europe as well as Iran — as well as of defiance toward the United States. There were images of a smiling Mr. Zarif, seated among smiling European officials, followed by a parade of statements in favor of the deal.

“I don’t think anybody has so far produced a better alternative,” said the British foreign secretary, Boris Johnson. “The Iran nuclear deal makes the entire world safer. European partners were unanimous today in our determination to preserve the deal as well as tackle Iran’s disruptive behavior.”

The European Union’s foreign affairs chief, Federica Mogherini, said, “The deal will be working — the idea will be delivering on its main goal, which means keeping the Iranian nuclear program in check as well as under close surveillance.”

In a phone call, President Emmanuel Macron of France also urged Mr. Trump not to scrap the deal. Mr. Macron “reaffirmed France’s determination to see the agreement strictly enforced as well as the importance for all of its signatories to abide by the idea,” his office said in a statement.

Privately, some White House officials complained about the phone call with Mr. Macron, which they said could have provoked Mr. Trump. Others said the diplomatic meeting in Brussels was similarly ill-conceived, as well as they expressed frustration in which the legislative efforts in Congress were not progressing quickly enough.

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