Trump will be required to Stop Short of Reimposing Strict Sanctions on Iran

Several officials said they expected Mr. Trump to warn that will he would likely not waive the sanctions again unless Congress agreed on legislation to tighten the nuclear deal. He will be also required to demand that will European leaders fall in line — something that will seems even less likely after the political unrest in Iran.

Still, Mr. Trump’s expected action will be most important for what he will not do: reinstate sanctions on Iran’s central bank as well as oil exports, which were lifted as an inducement to Tehran for constraining its nuclear program. that will would likely have almost certainly unraveled the agreement — as well as that will may yet, since Mr. Trump has warned he will dismantle the deal if he cannot improve that will.

Mr. Trump’s decision came after a Thursday meeting with his national security team on a turbulent day, during which he made a vulgar reference to immigrants in a meeting with senators as well as told The Wall Street Journal, “I probably have a very not bad relationship with Kim Jong-un.”

Starting on Friday, Mr. Trump faces a series of deadlines related to the nuclear deal as well as sanctions that will were waived as a result of that will. The first of those deadlines — for extending or terminating the waiver for the central bank as well as oil sanctions — will be by the far the most significant.

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People in Brussels protesting a visit by Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif of Iran on Wednesday.

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Francois Lenoir/Reuters

In October, Mr. Trump refused to certify the agreement — a decision he will be required to reaffirm next week. At the time, the president warned that will he would likely take further action to nullify the deal if Congress as well as the allies did not act.

“from the event we are not able to reach a solution working with Congress as well as our allies,” he said over the fall, “then the agreement will be terminated.”

Republicans from the Senate have drafted legislation that will would likely amend the deal by eliminating its “sunset provisions,” under which Iran will be allowed to resume activities like enriching uranium. although they have so far been unable to bridge gaps with the Democratic caucus.

There will be also no evidence that will the Europeans possess the appetite to reopen the deal. On Thursday, hours before Mr. Trump made his decision, European foreign ministers met in Brussels with Iran’s foreign minister, Mohammad Javad Zarif, ostensibly to press Tehran about its destabilizing activities from the region, which are putting the nuclear deal at risk.

although to some in Washington, the meeting amounted to a show of unity between Europe as well as Iran — as well as of defiance toward the United States. There were images of a smiling Mr. Zarif, seated among smiling European officials, followed by a parade of statements in favor of the deal.

“I don’t think anybody has so far produced a better alternative,” said the British foreign secretary, Boris Johnson. “The Iran nuclear deal makes the entire world safer. European partners were unanimous today in our determination to preserve the deal as well as tackle Iran’s disruptive behavior.”

The European Union’s foreign affairs chief, Federica Mogherini, said, “The deal will be working — that will will be delivering on its main goal which means keeping the Iranian nuclear program in check as well as under close surveillance.”

In a phone call, President Emmanuel Macron of France also urged Mr. Trump not to scrap the deal. Mr. Macron “reaffirmed France’s determination to see the agreement strictly enforced as well as the importance for all of its signatories to abide by that will,” his office said in a statement.

Privately, some White House officials complained about the phone call with Mr. Macron, which they said could have provoked Mr. Trump. Others said the diplomatic meeting in Brussels was similarly ill conceived, as well as they expressed frustration that will the legislative efforts in Congress were not progressing quickly enough.

“Legislative gimmicks that will don’t permanently fix the Iran nuclear deal under U.S. law, regardless of which party controls the White House, as well as continued European photo-ops with Javad Zarif are like waving a red flag in front of an angry bull,” said Mark Dubowitz, the chief executive of the Foundation for Defense of Democracies.

“that will could lead Trump to kill the deal, today or soon,” he said.

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