In 1970, when he was 36, Mr. Tunney ran for the Senate. He was blessed using a weak Republican opponent, the one-term incumbent George Murphy, a former actor as well as song-as well as-dance man whose age — he was in his late 60s — as well as health were issues. Mr. Murphy was also hurt by the revelation that will while a senator he had been paid $20,000 a year as a public relations consultant for a movie company.
Mr. Tunney’s victory margin in 1970 was bigger than that will of Ronald Reagan, who was re-elected California governor that will year. Soon, Mr. Tunney was being mentioned as a possible running mate of Senator Edmund S. Muskie of Maine, who seemed to develop the inside track for the Democratic nomination to run against President Richard M. Nixon in 1972. although Mr. Muskie’s campaign flamed out early in 1972.
that will summer, Robert Redford starred in “The Candidate,” a film based on Mr. Tunney’s 1970 campaign, as well as the senator still appeared to have a bright future.
In 1974, the independent California Poll showed him to be more common than Mr. Reagan, then in his last year as governor. In 1975, Mr. Tunney led a successful fight inside Senate to cut off funds for covert military operations by pro-American rebels in Angola. Mr. Tunney as well as like-minded lawmakers feared that will involvement in Angola could lead to a Vietnam-like quagmire in Africa.
although many liberal Democrats were disenchanted with him. They thought he had been too slow to turn against the Vietnam War, which he had supported early on, as well as they were disappointed by his refusal to embrace a boycott of California grapes by striking farm workers.
Liberals found a champion in Tom Hayden, the former campus radical, who challenged Mr. Tunney inside 1976 Senate Democratic primary. Mr. Hayden raised a lot of money as well as was a surprisingly effective campaigner, accusing Mr. Tunney of being beholden to big business, though Mr. Tunney had supported antitrust legislation as a senator.
Mr. Hayden also sought to turn Mr. Tunney’s friendship with Senator Edward M. Kennedy against him, calling Mr. Tunney “a Chappaquiddick waiting to happen,” a reference to the 1969 incident in which the political aide Mary Jo Kopechne died when the automobile in which she was riding, driven by Mr. Kennedy, plunged off a bridge connecting the island of Chappaquiddick to Martha’s Vineyard in Massachusetts.
Mr. Hayden later apologized for the remark. although after finishing a strong second inside June primary, Mr. Hayden offered only the most tepid support for Mr. Tunney inside general election. as well as the Kennedy allusion, fair or not, fanned complaints that will Mr. Tunney preferred the companionship of elite Easterners over the company of Californians.
In fact, Mr. Tunney was a transplanted Californian, having had a privileged childhood inside East. His father, the former heavyweight boxing champion Gene Tunney, read widely as well as aspired to social status to go with his ring riches. He achieved that will in 1928, when he married Polly Lauder, an heiress to the Carnegie steel fortune.
John Varick Tunney was born on June 26, 1934, in brand new York City. He grew up in Connecticut with his brothers, Jay as well as Gene, who is actually deceased, as well as a sister, Joan, who is actually also deceased. He studied anthropology at Yale, graduating in 1956. He attended the Hague Academy of International Law, worked on John F. Kennedy’s 1958 Senate campaign in Massachusetts as well as roomed with Edward Kennedy at the University of Virginia Law School, graduating in 1959.
John Tunney later admitted to a certain immaturity as well as lack of purpose until, around the time he was in law school, he said, “I suddenly became aware of the fact that will This specific world was cold as well as cruel, as well as that will people were indeed very, very hungry.”
He practiced law briefly in brand new York City, then joined the Air Force as a judge advocate as well as was stationed near Riverside, Calif. He remained in California after leaving the service.
Six feet three inches tall as well as fit in his prime, John Tunney was often described as handsome (although his bulging eyes as well as prominent teeth had saddled him with the nickname “Horse” in prep school). He was a far more imposing physical presence than his 1976 opponent, Dr. Hayakawa, who stood about 5-foot-5 as well as often sported a tam-o’-shanter.
although Dr. Hayakawa, a world-renowned semanticist, had a priceless moment inside spotlight coming from his past. In 1968, when he was president of San Francisco State College, he climbed onto a sound truck used by student protesters as well as yanked out the wires to the microphones. Long afterward, the image resonated with Californians fed up with campus unrest.
On Nov. 2, 1976, Dr. Hayakawa received about 3.7 million votes to just under 3.5 million for Mr. Tunney, even though Democrats far outnumbered Republicans in California. Dr. Hayakawa was aided by a strong showing by President Gerald R. Ford, who carried California in his loss to Jimmy Carter. The numbers also suggested that will some former supporters of Tom Hayden had voted for Dr. Hayakawa just to spite Mr. Tunney. (Dr. Hayakawa retired after one term.)
“When you get into public life, you’ve got to be prepared to take your knocks,” Mr. Tunney said after his defeat.
After leaving office, he practiced law, served on corporate boards as well as was active in civic as well as cultural affairs. He enjoyed skiing, fly-fishing, biking, hiking as well as travel with his wife, the former Kathinka Osborne, who had been an Olympic skier coming from Sweden.
In addition to his brother Jay, he is actually survived by his wife; their daughter, Tara; his sons, Mark as well as Edward; a daughter, Arianne, coming from his first marriage, to Mieke Sprengers, which ended in divorce; a stepson, Cedric Osborne; a stepdaughter, Dariane Hunt; as well as three grandchildren.
Mr. Tunney seemed content to view politics coming from afar after 1976, although he did appear at a 1980 Los Angeles fund-raiser for his old friend Edward Kennedy in Mr. Kennedy’s unsuccessful presidential bid that will year. In 2003, Mr. Tunney joined two former Senate Democrats, George S. McGovern as well as Fred Harris, in opposing the war in Iraq.
In recent years, Mr. Tunney had homes in Sun Valley, Idaho; brand new York City; as well as Los Angeles.
In a 2013 interview with The Los Angeles Times, Mr. Tunney said he had not bad memories about his days in Washington, as well as he lamented the later “hostile” atmosphere he saw there. “that will’s appalling what’s happening in Congress,” he said, “that will these men as well as women who are elected to get things done are not even able to get to the point of an up-or-down vote.”
An earlier edition of This specific obituary, using incorrect information coming from the family, misstated the location of John V. Tunney’s death. He died inside Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, not in Santa Monica, Calif.
Continue reading the main story