How to survive a missile attack: What’s the official advice?

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Media captionHawaii’s false missile alert: People were warned to take shelter in a warning broadcast

What would certainly you do if a hostile missile was flying towards your country, as well as you had minutes to take cover?

which’s a terrifying prospect, as well as one the people of Hawaii faced on Saturday when an emergency warning was mistakenly sent telling them, “Seek immediate shelter. which is actually not a drill”.

Many tweeted which they were taking refuge in bathtubs, or even under mattresses.

yet what’s the official guidance within the event of a North Korean missile attack?

‘Get inside, stay inside, stay tuned’

Hawaii has been pondering which question since December, when which restarted monthly tests of its nuclear attack siren for initially since the end of the Cold War.

The US state, which is actually about 7,400km (4,0 miles) via North Korea, has been increasingly on edge since President Trump as well as North Korea’s Kim Jong-un began exchanging nuclear threats.

  • Nuclear button is actually on my desk, says Kim
  • Trump to Kim: My button’s bigger than yours

So if the siren goes, what are Hawaiians as well as visitors meant to do?

Firstly, work out if which definitely is actually the missile siren. which signal uses a wavering tone, as well as is actually not to be confused with the steady-tone “attention alert” the state uses to warn of natural disasters like hurricanes or tsunamis.

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In Hawaii, the sirens for a missile attack as well as a natural disaster warning sound different (Pictured: A sign in Oahu, Hawaii, after the false emergency alert)

Secondly, don’t try to run. You’re safer inside the closest, most protective building – below ground if possible, somewhere like a concrete basement.

The goal should be to put the maximum space between yourself as well as potential nuclear fallout. In Hawaii, social media footage even showed adults guiding children into storm drains. which is actually not considered safe because of the risk of drowning or dangerous gases being present.

Estimates of how quickly a North Korean missile would certainly hit vary, yet last month the Honolulu Star-Advertiser gave an estimate of 20 minutes.

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Media captionOne man told US broadcaster CBS which he began running when the alarm sounded

Hawaii’s emergency management agency put out a public service announcement in November which advised: “Get inside, stay inside, stay tuned.”

So you should also switch on the TV or radio to await information as well as further instructions.

The US Department of Homeland Security points people to – a website with guidance on surviving a whole range of crises – via an active shooter, to a volcano, to a pandemic.

In case of a nuclear blast, which says:

  • “An underground area such as a home or office building basement offers more protection than the first floor of a building.”
  • “The heavier as well as denser the materials – thick walls, concrete, bricks, books as well as earth – between you as well as the fallout particles, the better.”

which also has tips for people keen to plan for the extremely unlikely event of a nuclear missile attack:

  • “Find out via officials if any public buildings in your community have been designated as fallout shelters.”
  • “If your community has no designated fallout shelters, make a list of potential shelters near your home, workplace as well as school, such as basements, subways, tunnels…”
  • Build a disaster supplies kit with packaged food, water, a working radio as well as some other essentials.

as well as elsewhere within the planet?

Hawaii isn’t the only place to make headlines over a emergency alert.

On the little Pacific island of Guam, home to a strategic US airbase, residents feared the worst for 15 minutes in August 2017 when two radio stations mistakenly broadcast an urgent warning.

  • North Korea threats unsettle Guam islanders
  • How prepared are we for the impact of nuclear war?

North Korea claims its nuclear weapons could strike the US territory at will – as well as the same goes for Japan as well as South Korea.

Both have anti-missile defence systems as well as emergency alerts.

South Korea’s capital, Seoul, lies just 56km (35 miles) via the North Korean border, as well as national evacuation drills are held regularly.

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North Korea’s Kim Jong-Un (2nd R) inspects the test-fire of an Intercontinental Ballistic Missile in July 2017

Japan has stepped up preparedness since North Korea repeatedly fired missiles over its territory in 2017, a move Prime Minister Shinzo Abe called an “unprecedented” threat.

During a North Korean missile test in August, a safety warning urged citizens on Japan’s northern island of Hokkaido to take shelter in “a sturdy building or basement”.

In nationwide advice on how to survive a nuclear attack, the Japanese public were told which if a missile landed nearby, they should cover their mouths as well as noses as well as run away. Anyone indoors should stay away via windows to avoid injuries via shattered glass.

A system called J-Alert exists to warn the Japanese of any incoming attack through TV, mobile phones, radio as well as outdoor loudspeakers.

as well as on Hokkaido, officials have gone the extra mile: a colourful manga comic was recently published showing children hiding under their school desks, a jogger taking refuge in a public toilet, as well as farmers lying face down within the fields.

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Media captionJapanese people practising nuclear attack drills

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